Lorenzo Miodus-Santini, now 11, was never a big talker. As an infant he didn't babble or coo. When he began to speak as a toddler, he’d learn one word but forget another. At 13 months, he was diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).
Lorenzo’s older brother, Christian, doesn’t have autism but likewise struggles with language. Christian has difficulty reading, processing spoken words and speaking clearly. Doctors gave him the diagnosis of specific language impairment.
Researchers have found more evidence that inflammation during early pregnancy increases autism risk. The new study found high autism rates among children born to mothers with elevated levels of C-reactive protein (CRP). High CRP is an established marker of body-wide inflammation.
New York, N.Y. (November 8, 2012) – Autism Speaks, the world’s leading autism science and advocacy organization, is proud to announce the release of biological and clinical data from 383 new families participating in Autism Speaks Autism Genetic Resource Exchange (AGRE) to researchers. AGRE is a resource for scientists that is comprised of clinical and biological data from families who have two or more children on the autism spectrum.
Autism Speaks is pleased to announce $13,242,279 in grants for scientific research on autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and its treatment. The grants will support a total of 47 research projects and programs, including the following:
What causes autism? Not long ago, the answer to this question would have been “we have no idea.” But these are exciting times in autism research. Scientists have discovered scores of genes implicated in autism risk. They are deciphering how these genes control crucial activities within and between brain cells.
In recent years, scientists have identified rare genetic mutations that in and of themselves can produce autism. They have likewise found a large number of genetic changes that increase the risk that a child will develop this disorder. However, fewer than 20 percent of those with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) harbor identifiable gene defects directly related to the disease.