Harvard neurobiologist Rachel Wilson is studying the brains of fruit flies in an effort to explain why individuals with autism can be easily overwhelmed by loud noises, smells, light or touch.
What causes autism? Not long ago, the answer to this question would have been “we have no idea.” But these are exciting times in autism research. Scientists have discovered scores of genes implicated in autism risk. They are deciphering how these genes control crucial activities within and between brain cells.